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Tips for First-Time Homebuyers in Nigeria

Posted by John Igbaifua on May 31, 2024

Buying your first home is an exciting and significant milestone, but it can also be a complex and daunting process, especially in Nigeria where unique challenges and opportunities exist.

Plusworld realtors aims to equip you with the knowledge and tips you need to navigate the Nigerian real estate market successfully as a first-time homebuyer.

1. Understand Your Financial Position

Assess Your Finances

Before embarking on your homebuying journey, take a close look at your financial situation. Calculate your monthly income, expenses, and savings to determine how much you can afford to spend on a home. It’s crucial to factor in additional costs such as legal fees, property taxes, and maintenance.

Get Pre-Approved for a Mortgage

If you plan to finance your home purchase with a mortgage, obtaining pre-approval from a lender is essential. This process involves the lender evaluating your financial status to determine how much they are willing to lend you.                  Pre-approval not only gives you a clear budget but also demonstrates to sellers that you are a serious buyer.

2. Research the Market

Identify Ideal Locations

Location is a critical factor in real estate. Research different areas to find the one that best suits your needs and lifestyle. Consider factors such as proximity to work, schools, healthcare facilities, and public transport. Popular cities for homebuyers in Nigeria include Lagos, Abuja, Port Harcourt, and Ibadan.

Understand Market Trends

Stay informed about current market trends, property values, and future developments in your chosen area. This information can help you make an informed decision and potentially identify areas with appreciating property values.

3. Verify Property Titles and Ownership

Conduct Due Diligence

One of the most critical steps in buying property in Nigeria is verifying the property’s title. Ensure that the seller has a legitimate and transferable title to the property. This process typically involves checking the property’s documentation at the Land Registry.

Engage Professionals

Consider hiring a reputable lawyer who specializes in real estate transactions. A lawyer can help you navigate the complexities of property law, conduct thorough due diligence, and ensure that all documents are in order.

4. Understand the Legal Framework

Familiarize Yourself with the Land Use Act

The Land Use Act of 1978 governs land ownership in Nigeria. Under this act, all land in each state is vested in the governor, who holds it in trust for the people. Understanding the implications of this act is crucial for any property transaction.

Review Sale Agreements Carefully

Before signing any sale agreement, ensure you understand all the terms and conditions. Pay attention to clauses related to payment schedules, property transfer processes, and any penalties for breach of contract.

5. Budget for Additional Costs

Factor in Ancillary Expenses

In addition to the purchase price, budget for other expenses such as legal fees, survey fees, registration fees, and agency fees. These costs can add up and should be accounted for early in your planning.

Plan for Future Maintenance

Owning a home involves ongoing maintenance costs. Set aside a portion of your budget for repairs, renovations, and regular upkeep to ensure your property remains in good condition.

6. Inspect the Property Thoroughly

Conduct a Physical Inspection

Always inspect the property in person before making a purchase. Look out for structural issues, plumbing problems, electrical faults, and other potential defects. It might be worthwhile to hire a professional surveyor or inspector to assess the property thoroughly.

Evaluate the Neighborhood

Visit the neighborhood at different times of the day to get a sense of the area’s safety, noise levels, and overall environment. Talking to potential neighbors can also provide valuable insights into the community.

7. Negotiate Smartly

Know the Market Value

Having a clear understanding of the market value of similar properties in the area gives you a solid foundation for negotiation. Use this knowledge to negotiate a fair price with the seller.

Be Prepared to Walk Away

If the terms are not favorable or if there are unresolved issues with the property, be prepared to walk away. It’s better to continue your search than to commit to a problematic purchase.

8. Secure Financing

Explore Mortgage Options

Various financial institutions in Nigeria offer mortgage loans with different terms and interest rates. Compare these options to find the best fit for your financial situation. Consider factors such as loan tenure, interest rates, and repayment flexibility.

Consider Government Housing Schemes

The Nigerian government offers housing schemes to make homeownership more accessible, such as the National Housing Fund (NHF). Explore these schemes to see if you qualify for any benefits or subsidies.

9. Plan for the Long Term

Think About Resale Value

Even if you plan to live in the home for a long time, consider its resale value. Factors such as location, infrastructure development, and property condition can impact future resale potential.

Plan for Potential Growth

Consider how your needs might change over time. Will the property accommodate a growing family or changing lifestyle? Flexibility in your choice can save you the hassle of moving again in the near future.

10. Finalize the Purchase

Close the Deal

Once you are satisfied with the property and the terms of the sale, proceed to finalize the purchase. This typically involves signing the sale agreement, paying the agreed amount, and completing all necessary documentation.

Register the Property

Ensure that the property is registered in your name at the relevant Land Registry. This step is crucial to secure your ownership rights and avoid future disputes.


Buying your first home in Nigeria is a significant investment that requires careful planning, thorough research, and due diligence.

By following these tips, you can navigate the complexities of the Nigerian real estate market and make a sound investment in your future.

Remember to seek professional advice from Plusworld realtors if need be, and, stay informed about market trends and legal requirements. Get in touch today!

Happy homebuying!

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