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Pros and Cons of Buying vs. Renting Real Estate Property in Nigeria

Posted by John Igbaifua on February 9, 2024


When it comes to acquiring real estate property in Nigeria, one of the primary decisions you’ll face is whether to buy or rent. Each option has its own set of advantages and disadvantages, and understanding them is crucial for making an informed decision. In this guide, we’ll delve into the pros and cons of buying versus renting real estate property in Nigeria, helping you determine which option aligns best with your goals and circumstances.

Pros and Cons of Buying Real Estate Property


  1. Asset Appreciation: Real estate has historically been a lucrative investment in Nigeria, with properties often appreciating in value over time. Buying allows you to build equity and potentially profit from capital appreciation.

    Example: You purchase a residential property in a rapidly developing area of Lagos. Over the years, as infrastructure improves and demand increases, the value of your property appreciates significantly, providing a substantial return on investment.

  2. Ownership Control: Buying gives you full control over the property, allowing you to make modifications, renovations, or expansions according to your preferences and needs.

    Example: As a business owner, you purchase a commercial property for your operations. You have the freedom to customize the space to suit your business requirements, enhancing productivity and efficiency.

  3. Stable Housing Costs: With a fixed-rate mortgage, your housing costs remain stable over the long term, providing financial predictability and protection against inflation.

    Example: By locking in a mortgage rate, you ensure that your monthly housing expenses remain consistent, allowing for better budgeting and financial planning.


  1. High Initial Costs: Buying real estate requires a significant upfront investment, including down payments, closing costs, and ongoing maintenance expenses.

    Example: You identify a desirable commercial property for your startup, but the high initial costs of purchasing the property strain your available capital, limiting your ability to invest in other areas of your business.

  2. Market Volatility: Real estate markets can be subject to fluctuations, and property values may decline due to economic downturns or other factors, potentially resulting in financial losses.

    Example: Despite thorough market research, the value of your investment property in Abuja declines due to changes in government policies, negatively impacting your overall financial position.

  3. Responsibility for Maintenance: As a property owner, you are responsible for the upkeep and maintenance of the property, which can entail additional time, effort, and expenses.

    Example: You purchase a residential property for rental income, but ongoing maintenance issues, such as plumbing repairs and structural maintenance, eat into your profits and require constant attention.

Pros and Cons of Renting Real Estate Property


  1. Flexibility: Renting offers greater flexibility compared to buying, allowing you to easily relocate or upgrade to a different property as your needs change.

    Example: As a young professional, you rent an apartment in Lagos, knowing that you may need to relocate for career opportunities in the future. Renting provides the flexibility to move without the commitment of homeownership.

  2. Lower Upfront Costs: Renting typically requires lower upfront costs compared to buying, as you only need to cover security deposits and monthly rent payments.

    Example: You start a new business venture and opt to rent a commercial space in Port Harcourt. The lower upfront costs of renting allow you to allocate more capital toward business operations and growth initiatives.

  3. Limited Maintenance Responsibility: Renters are generally not responsible for major maintenance and repair costs, as these obligations typically fall on the landlord.

    Example: You lease a retail space for your boutique in Abuja. When the air conditioning system malfunctions, the landlord is responsible for repairing it, relieving you of the financial burden and inconvenience.


  1. Lack of Ownership Benefits: Renting does not provide the same wealth-building benefits as homeownership, such as equity accumulation and potential appreciation in property value.

    Example: Despite paying rent for several years, you have nothing to show for it in terms of ownership equity or asset accumulation, limiting your long-term financial security.

  2. Rent Increases and Lease Terms: Renters are vulnerable to rent increases and changes in lease terms, which can impact affordability and stability.

    Example: Your landlord informs you of a significant rent increase when renewing your lease, forcing you to either accept the higher rent or search for alternative accommodations, disrupting your financial plans and stability.

  3. Limited Control and Customization: Renting restricts your ability to make structural changes or modifications to the property, limiting customization options and personalization.

    Example: As a tenant in a rented office space in Ibadan, you are unable to make renovations or upgrades to the layout or design, hindering your ability to create a workspace tailored to your business needs.

The Bottom Line…

In Nigeria’s real estate market, the decision to buy or rent property depends on various factors, including financial considerations, lifestyle preferences, and long-term goals. By carefully weighing the pros and cons of each option and considering your individual circumstances, you can make an informed decision that aligns with your objectives and sets you on the path to success in the dynamic Nigerian real estate landscape. However, Plusworld realtors is your one-stop solution to all your real estate dreams—whether you are buying or renting.

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